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cushioncrawler
02-21-2012, 12:45 AM
'Slavery by Another Name': PBS documentary explores forced servitude after the Emancipation Proclamation
Sunday, February 12, 2012
By Rob Owen, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
PASADENA, Calif. -- American history often gets passed on in a too-simple narrative, especially in pop culture. It's presented as black and white; there were good guys and bad guys.

PBS's "Slavery by Another Name" (9 p.m. Monday, WQED-TV), directed by Sam Pollard and based on a Pulitzer Prize-winning book of the same name by co-executive producer Douglas Blackmon, reveals a largely hidden history that belies the popular narrative that the enslavement for African-Americans ended with the Emancipation Proclamation. This 90-minute documentary film recounts -- through recreations and interviews -- how emancipation was a bitter economic pill for former slave owners to swallow. So they found a substitute.

A loophole in the 13th Amendment worked in their favor: Slavery was abolished except as punishment for a crime. "Slavery by Another Name" recounts efforts to retain the practice of slavery by enacting contrived laws that made it a crime for a black man to walk beside a railroad, to speak loudly in the company of white women or to be unable to prove his employment on a moment's notice.

'Slavery By Another Name'
When: 9 p.m. Monday, PBS.

Narrator: Laurence Fishburne.
This led to "convict leasing" in which the state would lease prisoners to be used as laborers by plantation owners and even corporations. It provided a new revenue stream for the state and inexpensive, union-free labor for companies.

"Slavery by Another Name" explains how conditions for these forced laborers were often worse than conditions for slaves in the pre-Civil War era.

"It was never in the economic interest of a slave owner to kill his own slaves or abuse them so terribly they couldn't work anymore," Mr. Blackmon explains in the film. "Their economic value protected them in certain ways. After the Civil War, someone working their forced laborers would push them to the very limits of human endurance."

At a PBS press conference last month, Mr. Blackmon said his book grew out of a story he wrote for the Wall Street Journal -- excerpted and published by the Post-Gazette in July 2001 -- about the use of forced labor in Alabama's Pratt Mines by Tennessee Coal, Iron & Railroad Co., which was purchased by Pittsburgh-based U.S. Steel in 1907. The use of convict labor continued there until 1912, Mr. Blackmon reported.

U.S. Steel receives only a brief mention in the "Slavery by Another Name" documentary, which shows the impact of this practice that wasn't investigated by federal authorities until 1922 with no prosecutions for it until 1942. In 1951, the U.S. Congress finally passed more explicit laws making any form of slavery a crime, Mr. Blackmon writes.

"A lot of people, particularly younger African Americans, really realize, at a very fundamental level, that there's something about the standard version of American history that doesn't add up," Mr. Blackmon said. "That this 80-, 90-year period of time between the Civil War and the civil rights movement that generally is taught to us as having been just this sort of difficult Jim Crow era when blacks are called a bad name and they live in poverty and they can't vote and every now and then there's violence against an African American here or there, that super-simplistic version of that period of time doesn't really explain why it was the case that, by the time you get to the 1970s, there's still this gigantic gap between whites and blacks in terms of wealth and education and all those other sorts of measures. To really understand why the country was the way it was then and is the way it is now, you have to realize that something much bigger, something much worse happened in that period of time. And people actually want to know that story."

That includes descendants of both African-American forced laborers and the white men who leased them. Representatives of both are interviewed in the film, including Dr. Sharon Malone, wife of U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder, whose uncle was a victim of forced labor.

Mr. Blackmon calls it "mind-boggling" that the slavery that existed before the Civil War, "the greatest moral failure of the history of our country," was followed by another form of slavery immediately afterward. "[It] is a sort of astonishing failure on the part of an entire society."

Mr. Pollard, the filmmaker, offers another realization from this newly uncovered history.

"The phenomenal, positive thing that you should all take away from this is that through all this oppression that black people had to face, what did they do? They fought in World War I. They fought in World War II. They were in the Korean War," he said, "because -- no matter how horrible America has treated them -- they believe in America. I had three uncles who were in World War II because, even though they came from Mississippi and they were glad to get out of Mississippi, they fought for America."

Rob Owen writes this Sunday TV column for Scripps Howard News Service. Contact him at: rowen@post-gazette.com or 412-263-2582. Read the Tuned In Journal blog at post-gazette.com/tv. Follow RobOwenTV on Twitter or Facebook.
First published on February 12, 2012 at 12:00 am
Read more: http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/12043/1207183-67.stm#ixzz1mzpGd5fB

cushioncrawler
02-21-2012, 12:49 AM
Who did more to free black slaves in america.
(1) Lincoln.
(2) The Japs.
(3) The Vietcong.
(4) Jesus.
mac.

Qtec
02-21-2012, 02:18 AM
If you say 'black <u>slaves</u>',[ as opposed to 'blacks in slavery'] its got to be 1.

Otherwise its 3.

Q

LWW
02-21-2012, 03:27 AM
<div class="ubbcode-block"><div class="ubbcode-header">Originally Posted By: Qtec</div><div class="ubbcode-body">If you say 'black <u>slaves</u>',[ as opposed to 'blacks in slavery'] its got to be 1.

Otherwise its 3.

Q </div></div>

Q - Who opposed him in this effort?

A - The demokrook party.

LWW
02-21-2012, 03:39 AM
<div class="ubbcode-block"><div class="ubbcode-header">Originally Posted By: cushioncrawler</div><div class="ubbcode-body">'Slavery by Another Name': PBS documentary explores forced servitude after the Emancipation Proclamation
Sunday, February 12, 2012
By Rob Owen, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
PASADENA, Calif. -- American history often gets passed on in a too-simple narrative, especially in pop culture. It's presented as black and white; there were good guys and bad guys.

PBS's "Slavery by Another Name" (9 p.m. Monday, WQED-TV), directed by Sam Pollard and based on a Pulitzer Prize-winning book of the same name by co-executive producer Douglas Blackmon, reveals a largely hidden history that belies the popular narrative that the enslavement for African-Americans ended with the Emancipation Proclamation. This 90-minute documentary film recounts -- through recreations and interviews -- how emancipation was a bitter economic pill for former slave owners to swallow. So they found a substitute.

A loophole in the 13th Amendment worked in their favor: Slavery was abolished except as punishment for a crime. "Slavery by Another Name" recounts efforts to retain the practice of slavery by enacting contrived laws that made it a crime for a black man to walk beside a railroad, to speak loudly in the company of white women or to be unable to prove his employment on a moment's notice.

'Slavery By Another Name'
When: 9 p.m. Monday, PBS.

Narrator: Laurence Fishburne.
This led to "convict leasing" in which the state would lease prisoners to be used as laborers by plantation owners and even corporations. It provided a new revenue stream for the state and inexpensive, union-free labor for companies.

"Slavery by Another Name" explains how conditions for these forced laborers were often worse than conditions for slaves in the pre-Civil War era.

"It was never in the economic interest of a slave owner to kill his own slaves or abuse them so terribly they couldn't work anymore," Mr. Blackmon explains in the film. "Their economic value protected them in certain ways. After the Civil War, someone working their forced laborers would push them to the very limits of human endurance."

At a PBS press conference last month, Mr. Blackmon said his book grew out of a story he wrote for the Wall Street Journal -- excerpted and published by the Post-Gazette in July 2001 -- about the use of forced labor in Alabama's Pratt Mines by Tennessee Coal, Iron & Railroad Co., which was purchased by Pittsburgh-based U.S. Steel in 1907. The use of convict labor continued there until 1912, Mr. Blackmon reported.</div></div>

Conducted under the demokrook regimes of gdemokrook governors:

- George Smith Houston

- Rufus Willis Cobb

- Edward Asbury O'Neal

- Thomas Seay

- Thomas Goode Jones

- William Calvin Oates

- Joseph Forney Johnston

- William Dorsey Jelks

- William James Samford

- Russell McWhortor Cunningham

- Braxton Bragg Comer

- Emmet O'Neal

several of whom fought in the army of the CSA.

Thanks for pointing out the truly oppressive and criminal nature of the demokrook party ... which held the Alabama gubnershio from 1870 through 1987.

During this period the demokrooks not only came up with a means to return to slavery as shown, but oppressed blacks and poor whites by a series of poll taxes and Jim Crow segregation laws.

<span style='font-size: 26pt'>BRAVO!</span>

LEARN (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Alabama_Governors)

Qtec
02-21-2012, 04:56 AM
<div class="ubbcode-block"><div class="ubbcode-header">Quote:</div><div class="ubbcode-body">Q - Who opposed him in this effort?

A - The demokrook party. </div></div>

<div class="ubbcode-block"><div class="ubbcode-header">Quote:</div><div class="ubbcode-body">Einstein was capable of folding new information into his thought processes and change his opinion.
</div></div>

Times have changed, so have party politics.

Q

LWW
02-21-2012, 05:51 AM
<div class="ubbcode-block"><div class="ubbcode-header">Originally Posted By: Qtec</div><div class="ubbcode-body"> <div class="ubbcode-block"><div class="ubbcode-header">Quote:</div><div class="ubbcode-body">Q - Who opposed him in this effort?

A - The demokrook party. </div></div>

<div class="ubbcode-block"><div class="ubbcode-header">Quote:</div><div class="ubbcode-body">Einstein was capable of folding new information into his thought processes and change his opinion.
</div></div>

Times have changed, so have party politics.

Q </div></div>

How have they changed?

Demokrooks still intimidate blacks and poor whites in order to keep them on the plantation.

cushioncrawler
02-21-2012, 02:32 PM
<div class="ubbcode-block"><div class="ubbcode-header">Originally Posted By: cushioncrawler</div><div class="ubbcode-body">Who did more to free black slaves in america.
(1) Lincoln.
(2) The Japs.
(3) The Vietcong.
(4) Jesus.
mac. </div></div>THIS WOZ A TRICK QUESTION. THE ANSWER IZ mac.
mac.

Soflasnapper
02-21-2012, 05:07 PM
Jesus. mac. Who knew?!?!

cushioncrawler
02-21-2012, 05:55 PM
One must say the japs.
WW2 i think woz a tipping point for african americans -- they had served and had had'nuff -- and sure'nuff in near'nuff 1970 slavery and suff'stuff woz snuffed.
But slavery iz making a kumback -- and peeple are suff'ren.

Someone's larff'n, my Lord, kum bay yah;
Someone's larff'n, my Lord, kum bay yah;
Slaverys kumming, my Lord, kum bay yah,
O Lord, kum bay yah.

LWW
02-22-2012, 03:28 AM
<div class="ubbcode-block"><div class="ubbcode-header">Originally Posted By: LWW</div><div class="ubbcode-body"><div class="ubbcode-block"><div class="ubbcode-header">Originally Posted By: Qtec</div><div class="ubbcode-body"> <div class="ubbcode-block"><div class="ubbcode-header">Quote:</div><div class="ubbcode-body">Q - Who opposed him in this effort?

A - The demokrook party. </div></div>

<div class="ubbcode-block"><div class="ubbcode-header">Quote:</div><div class="ubbcode-body">Einstein was capable of folding new information into his thought processes and change his opinion.
</div></div>

Times have changed, so have party politics.

Q </div></div>

How have they changed?

Demokrooks still intimidate blacks and poor whites in order to keep them on the plantation. </div></div>

Bump for the Snoop.

JohnnyD
02-24-2012, 12:38 AM
Bump for our leader Mahatma LWW.Why?Because Jesus loves him.

Qtec
02-24-2012, 06:51 AM
<div class="ubbcode-block"><div class="ubbcode-header">Quote:</div><div class="ubbcode-body">Demokrooks still intimidate blacks and poor whites </div></div>

Link? Or did you do your usual, pull it out your a$$.

Q?????????????

Stretch
02-24-2012, 07:09 AM
<div class="ubbcode-block"><div class="ubbcode-header">Originally Posted By: Qtec</div><div class="ubbcode-body"> <div class="ubbcode-block"><div class="ubbcode-header">Quote:</div><div class="ubbcode-body">Demokrooks still intimidate blacks and poor whites </div></div>

Link? Or did you do your usual, pull it out your a$$.

Q????????????? </div></div>I think it is more an involuntary push. Hold nose and flush. St. &lt; always waits for room to air out before responding &gt;