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cushioncrawler
08-10-2012, 09:06 PM
Nature News Blog

Prisoners pitch in to save endangered butterfly
09 Aug 2012 | 16:13 BST | Posted by Ananyo Bhattacharya | Category: Uncategorized

Prisoners are helping in efforts to conserve the Taylor's checkerspot butterfly.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Aaron Barna
Posted on behalf of Ed Yong.

At the Mission Creek Corrections Center for Women in Belfair, Washington, inmates are helping to save the endangered Taylor’s checkerspot butterfly (Euphydryas editha taylori). Under the supervision of guards and graduate students, a small group of prisoners is breeding the beautiful orange-and-white insects in a greenhouse outside the prison. They have even carried out research to show what plants the butterfly prefers to lay its eggs on — information that will be crucial for boosting its dwindling numbers.

These efforts are part of the Sustainability in Prisons Project (SPP), the brainchild of Nalini Nadkarni of the University of Utah in Salt Lake City. “A lot of her work is about coming down from the ivory tower and involving under-served audiences in science,” says Dennis Aubrey, a student who works in the checkerspot initiative. He spoke about the project at the 2012 Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting in Portland, Oregon.

The SPP works with prisons throughout Washington, and treats the inmates as collaborators rather than labourers. They apply for the positions and get training, education and a small wage. Together, they have helped to conserve endangered butterflies, frogs, flowering plants and moss.

Prisons may seem to be an unorthodox location for conservation work, but Carri LeRoy, project co-director of the SPP, says: “There’s a lot of clean, controlled space, and people with time on their hands, looking to do something valuable and change their lives.”


“Most people are in the prison yard talking about who did them wrong,” says Aubrey. “Then, all of a sudden, guards will tell us they hear people saying, ‘Hey did you see how that moss was growing?’ ”

The women in the checkerspot project have already reintroduced more than 800 of the butterflies into the wild, and raised more than 3,600 caterpillars for next year’s release. The Taylor’s checkerspot is found in just four small populations in Washington and Oregon, and it now lays its eggs on plantain, an introduced species. No one knew what the butterfly’s original host plants were. The inmates found out by allowing the adults to choose between three candidates and showed that they prefer to lay eggs on two native species — the harsh paintbrush and golden paintbrush — rather than the exotic plantain.

The golden paintbrush might be the butterfly’s original host, but it is also threatened. With the information from the inmates’ project, efforts to conserve both the plant and the butterfly could be combined. “That would eliminate the need to plant the exotic plantain at reintroduction sites,” says Aubrey. When the results are finally published, the inmates will be contributing authors on the paper.

Meanwhile, prisoners at the Stafford Creek Correctional Center have been raising 40 species of endangered prairie plants for planting all over the state. In the process, they found that several species germinate better after being grown in smoke-infused water, which mimics the fires that the plants experience in the wild.

Other prisoners at Cedar Creek Corrections Center are rearing the endangered Oregon spotted frog (Rana pretiosa). For 3 years running, they have been voted the best rearing facility in the state, surpassing the zoos that trained them in the size and health of the frogs they raise. “They’re adaptively changing the protocols, and providing information to the restoration community of tweaks that would increase success,” said LeRoy.

LeRoy also presented preliminary evidence that the SPP was helping to reduce the rates of recidivism among the inmates. Of the 238 prisoners who attended a single lecture and were later released, only two returned to prison within a year — a rate of 0.8%, compared to the usual average of 10.4%. Of the 78 prisoners who took part in actual conservation work, 18 have been released, none have re-offended and one-third are employed.

LeRoy cautions that these numbers are small, given the low number of people who have been through the programme. But it is clear to her that the inmates are learning new skills and are empowered by actively contributing to society.

Others benefit too. Graduate students get management experience on a real conservation project. Conservation partners learn how to better breed their target species. The Department of Corrections saves money because recidivism goes down, as do violent infractions within the prison walls. And local media coverage has “improved public perception of prisons”, says LeRoy, by changing the way people see prisoners and what they can do. “It’s win-win-win-win-win.”

cushioncrawler
08-10-2012, 09:12 PM
Papilio polytes
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Common Mormon Common Mormon, male

Common Mormon form stichius, female
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Papilionidae
Genus: Papilio
Species: P. polytes
Binomial name
Papilio polytes
Linnaeus, 1758

The Common Mormon (Papilio polytes) is a common species of swallowtail butterfly widely distributed across Asia. This butterfly is known for the mimicry displayed by the numerous forms of its females which mimic inedible Red-bodied Swallowtails, such as the Common Rose and the Crimson Rose.

[edit] Names
The common name is an allusion to the polygamy formerly practiced by members of the Mormon sect according to Harish Gaonkar, of the Natural History Museum in London:[1]

... the origins of giving common English names to organisms, particularly butterflies for tropical species started in India around the mid 19th century ... The naming of Mormons evolved slowly. I think the first to get such a name was the Common Mormon (Papilio polytes), because it had three different females, a fact that could only have been observed in the field, and this they did in India. The name obviously reflected the ... Mormon sect in America, which as we know, practiced polygamy.
The scientific name is constructed from the Latin word for butterfly, papilio, and the Greek word for many, poly.[2]

cushioncrawler
08-10-2012, 09:18 PM
Tadpoles to Butterflies
A trustworthy saying worthy of full acceptation—for those who can See and Hear:

“The True JESUS kind of Christianity is not tadpole to frog, or caterpillar to butterfly. But TADPOLE—TO—BUTTERFLY!”

The song “Bullfrogs and Butterflies, they’ve both been born again” is kind of cute, to be sure. HOWEVER, the song is wrong. Dead wrong. The ONLY kind of Christianity on this planet that is Real…can NOT be described as cleverly attempted in that song, as the change of a tadpole to frog, or a caterpillar to butterfly. THAT is a death wish for everyone who buys into that cute theory.

TRUE BIBLICAL CHRISTIANITY is something far more beautiful than that!

It is the Transformation of that tadpole…to a BUTTERFLY.

The problem with man’s religion, however well-meaning, and no matter the good deeds or cleaning up of folkways and mores, “bad” habits broken, or lifestyle or personality change—is that it only expects a ‘transformation’ of tadpole to frog, or caterpillar to butterfly. That sounds radical, but there is no real change as scientists will affirm—except a stage of THE SAME life. “Attending” services instead of not, giving up alcohol or cigarettes, staying home and playing with the children more, having “bible studies” or helping at a “soup kitchen” or “missions”—NONE OF THESE MEAN ANYTHING in themselves. Any pagan can do so.

Nikita Krushchev, the communist tyrant, memorized nearly the entire Bible. Many mass murderers have “given up smoking and drinking,” and many with foul, twisted evil lives work at soup kitchens. They look very spiritual on sunday morning and doing their good deeds, but these things can be done by any atheist, and are frequently. “Mother Theresa” herself proclaimed, “We’re saved by Mary” to a man we know who was visiting her (thus admitting demon worship to him), and admitted in her journal, discovered after her death, that she did not believe in God. Man’s religion means NOTHING. “Change” of habits or standards or lifestyle mean nothing, in themselves. ANYONE can do that. Olympic athletes “deny themselves” most luxuries and pleasures for their own personal goals. Anyone can do that.

But, CHRIST-IANITY the way JESUS defined it, lived it, and empowered it—is something very different! It is not merely changing from a tadpole to a frog, or from a caterpillar to a butterfly.

In such cases, the “outside of the cup” is very changed! But here’s the kicker: the DNA of the slimy tadpole or the grungy caterpillar is unchanged in any way! They are still the same creature! Just as a fertilized human egg has precisely the same DNA as the 100 year old man or woman that came from that fertilized egg, appearances can change drastically and there be NO miracle happen of any kind! Change is often good, but if it’s not a
MIRACULOUS CHANGE OF DNA, JESUS SAID IT IS NOT CHRISTIANITY AT ALL.
Most “churches” don’t even understand this simple Truth, and therefore “accept” anyone who makes a claim of having “said a prayer” as being a walking Miracle, in spite of all that the BIBLE says are necessary Proofs that the Holy Spirit now lives within and DNA is MIRACULOUSLY CHANGED by the WIND OF HEAVEN.

True Christianity, the kind in the New Testament, the New Covenant with man is more akin to a tadpole turning into a BUTTERFLY. Tadpole to frog, or caterpillar to butterfly is a change of state. Tadpole to Butterfly is a MIRACLE. That alone, according to Jesus and the Apostles who knew Him can be called Salvation, Conversion—a ‘mere human’ becoming a CHRISTIAN, sins washed away, Indwelt now by the Person of Jesus as a mere human has chosen to abandon themselves into Covenant and Clothing with the Father by Jesus Christ. That CHANGE OF BEING, proofs given by the Apostle of Love, is what was foretold by the Prophets David, Ezekiel, Jeremiah, Zechariah, Isaiah, and later by Y’shua Himself and His Apostles as “the New Covenant.” (For careful reading in context.)

This New Covenant Miracle LIFE—the Spirit of Christ Himself, Indwelling, was first Demonstrated in Acts 2:36-47, and True Christianity CAN BE NO LESS TODAY—than it was in its mere infancy!

THAT is for certain!

Quit messing around. Quit just hanging around with the “Five Virgins” who accept religion rather than Miracle Life. Those five are, surprise, surprise, NOT GOING IN TO BE WITH JESUS (Matthew 25)—no matter how many good deeds or how good they attend “services.”

Accept His Invitation! Call out to Jesus for the MIRACLE of “Tadpole to Butterfly” and quit accepting mere religion of “tadpole to frog”. : )

Soflasnapper
08-11-2012, 12:47 PM
You are killing me with this! Hilarious.

And it's already being done.

Pretty simple. You just get the tadpole on genetically modified organism (GMO) food, and it's pretty automatic.

Can't wait to see the Olympics in 8 years, if we're still around.